Posts for category: Gastro Procedures

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
May 08, 2019
Tags: Endoscopy  

An endoscopy is a diagnostic test that allows your doctor to check for problems like inflammation, bleeding, lesions, and growths in the Endoscopydigestive system. Millions of Americans suffer from acid reflux and GERD, or up to 30% of the population according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Dr. Glenn Madokoro, a gastroenterologist in Newport Beach, CA, offers endoscopy and other diagnostic and treatment options for digestive issues and disorders.

Endoscopy and Gastroenterology Services in Newport Beach, CA

An endoscopy is an outpatient procedure and is performed with a thin, small tube attached to a light and camera that allows the doctor to examine the esophagus, stomach, and the opening of the small intestine. The images allow the gastroenterologist to look for abnormalities and in some cases to remove tissue samples and growths for biopsy and further testing.

When to See a Gastroenterologist

Diagnostic imaging tests like endoscopy are recommended by a physician if they suspect that you may be suffering from a condition like chronic acid reflux, inflammation, bleeding, or if you have high-risk factors for digestive cancers. While a little heartburn and acid reflux are normal from time to time, ongoing and repetitive digestive discomfort and pain may be a sign of a problem. You may need to schedule an appointment with a gastroenterologist if you are experiencing the following symptoms:

  • Chronic heartburn
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Acid reflux
  • Abdominal pain
  • Changes in bowel movements
  • Blood in stool

As a rule, pay attention to new or unexplained symptoms that don't resolve on their own after a few days, or go away and come back. Seek immediate medical treatment if you experience symptoms along with fever or signs of infection, or after an injury or trauma.

Find a Gastroenterologist in Newport Beach, CA

For more information about how endoscopy works and when it is necessary, contact our office by calling (949) 548-8800 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Madokoro today.

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
October 23, 2018
Tags: Endoscopy  

Endoscopy ExamHow an Endoscopy from Your Gastroenterologist in Newport Beach, California Can Help You

An endoscopy is a procedure used to diagnose issues occurring in your upper digestive system including your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. It is used to diagnose and treat gastrointestinal problems including gastroesophageal reflux disease, anemia, ulcers, celiac disease, and gastrointestinal cancers. Dr. Glenn D. Madokoro in Newport Beach, California is an expert in this field and ready to help you and your digestive system stay healthy! Read below to learn more about the wonders of an endoscopy.

Indications That You Need an Endoscopy

There are some definite signs and symptoms you may need an endoscopy including:

  • Ongoing nausea and vomiting
  • Continuous abdominal pain
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding

How To Prepare For an Endoscopy

To have an accurate endoscopic procedure, you need to avoid eating or drinking 4 to 8 hours before your procedure, and if you are taking blood thinning medications or NSAIDS, you need to stop taking them before treatment. Your gastroenterologist may give you a sedative before your procedure to help relax you. For this reason, it’s important to bring someone with you who can drive you home after your endoscopy.

What Happens During Your Procedure

An endoscopy utilizes an endoscope, a thin, flexible tube with an attached camera at the end. The endoscope is inserted into your throat, dilating your esophagus to allow your doctor to better view its structures and access your upper digestive system. During the endoscopy, your doctor can also remove abnormal tissue or polyps for biopsy. Endoscopies are well tolerated, and you may even fall asleep during the procedure.

Intrigued? Call Our Newport Office Today!

If you are experiencing gastrointestinal problems and think you might need an endoscopy, don’t wait. Gastrointestinal issues can become serious and even life-threatening, so call our office today at (949) 548-8800 if you are experiencing any problems!

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
August 09, 2018
Tags: Colonoscopy  

ColonoscopyColon cancer threatens 150,000 Americans annually, says the American Cancer Society. In Newport Beach, CA, your gastroenterologist, Dr. Glenn Madokoro, recommends routine cancer screening by colonoscopy, emphasizing early detection and better cure rates for this potentially deadly disease. Learn about this accurate procedure and how often the experts say you should have it.

How colon cancer happens

Colon cancer affects the large intestine, the long, highly innervated and vascularized tube which runs from the small intestine to the rectum and anus. Responsible for absorbing water and certain nutrients, the colon also helps you eliminate solid waste.

Unfortunately, cancer can plague many sites in the body, including the large intestine. While typical symptoms of colon cancer can include pain, bloating, constipation, diarrhea, and weight loss, many times people exhibit few to no symptoms, particularly in the earliest stages of the disease.

Harvard Health reports that colon cancer may begin with small noncancerous lesions called polyps or adenomas. While these small benign tumors do not always develop into cancer, many do. That's why examination by routine colonoscopy in Newport Beach is so important.

What is a colonoscopy?

This in-office or in-hospital procedure examines the lining, or internal structure, of the large intestine. Your gastroenterologist inserts a small diameter lighted tube into the anus and through the entire length of the colon. Live video feed allows him to look at the colon, detecting abnormalities such as cancer, adenomas, and other issues which cause chronic diarrhea, pain, and more. While polyps do not always become cancerous, says Harvard Health, all colon cancer proceeds from polyps. So, routine screening is vital.

During a colonoscopy, you will be sedated and positioned on your side. During the test, you will experience no pain but may feel some mild pressure or cramping.

Dr. Madokoro will look at your colon and take pictures at certain junctures and of any area which he feels requires closer examination. If he sees any polyps, he will remove them via cautery (heat) or a snare mechanism, and the tissue will be biopsied. You will remember little or even nothing of your test afterwards, and a responsible adult must escort you home.

How often should you get one?

Aside from some individuals who have a genetic predisposition to polyps, most people should begin routine colon screening at age 50. With no evidence of polyps, Dr. Madokoro will advise a repeat procedure in 10 years. With polyps which are noncancerous, he will recommend every five to 10 years.

After age 75, follow your doctor's recommendation for repeat screening tests. After 85, you will not receive routine colonoscopies but only on a case by case basis, says the American College of Gastroenterology.

Find out more

If you are approaching your fiftieth birthday or if you are due for your routine colonoscopy, please contact Dr. Madokoro's office in Newport Beach, CA, for a consultation. Know your colon health! Call the office staff today at (949) 548-8800.

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
April 17, 2017
Tags: Capsule Endoscopy  

A capsule endoscopy is a procedure allowing gastroenterologists to view and examine the interior middle portion of the gastrointestinal capsule endoscopytract. This area of the gastrointestinal tract includes three sections of the small intestine that cannot be accessed through a traditional colonoscopy or endoscopy. Capsule endoscopies can help determine the cause of bleeding in the small intestine and can be used to detect polyps, tumors and ulcers. Dr. Glenn Madokoro performs capsule endoscopies in Newport Beach, CA.

Capsule Endoscopy Procedure

The capsule endoscopy procedure is performed with a small video camera about the size of a typical pill or capsule. The patient actually swallows this capsule so it can travel down to the small intestine and take pictures of the intestinal lining. During the procedure, the images are sent to a device worn outside the body. After the procedure, the capsule containing the tiny video camera will finish passing through the intestines and be excreted. The entire procedure lasts about eight hours. Extensive physical activity should be avoided immediately afterward.

Preparing for the Procedure

It is important to have an empty stomach during the capsule endoscopy. No food or beverages should be consumed twelve hours prior to the procedure. Prescription or over-the-counter medications might also need to be halted during this time. Let the gastroenterologist know in advance if you are taking any medications so the doctor can determine if those medications might present potential problems. Overall, having a capsule endoscopy done by your Newport Beach gastroenterologist is a straightforward procedure that can detect various problems.

If you need to undergo a capsule endoscopy in the Newport Beach, CA, area, Dr. Madokoro can help. He has extensive experience performing capsule endoscopies and other similar procedures. To find out if you might benefit from having a capsule endoscopy performed, schedule a consultation with Dr. Madokoro by calling (949) 548-8800.

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
June 14, 2016
Tags: Colonoscopy  

A colonoscopy might not be on the top of your priority list. However, this procedure is an incredibly important tool for preventing and colonoscopydiagnosing colon cancer, which affects about 150,000 new patients per year. But how can you tell if you should schedule a colonoscopy? Learn more with help from your Newport Beach, CA gastroenterologist Dr. Glenn D. Madokoro, MD at Newport Beach GI.

What can a colonoscopy do for me? 
Doctors use a colonoscopy to detect signs of gastrointestinal conditions and colorectal cancer. The medical procedure allows your doctor to visually see the lining of your rectum and colon to spot irregularities and precancerous or cancerous growths called polyps. Finding polyps early greatly decreases your chances of developing colorectal cancer. Colonoscopy also allows your doctor to investigate problematic symptoms of gastrointestinal issues like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and administer their treatments.

Colonoscopy in Newport Beach, CA
Colonoscopy uses a piece of medical equipment called a colonoscope. This long, thin tube, which is inserted rectally, has a tiny camera attached to the end. If necessary, your doctor uses miniaturized tools threaded through the tube to take biopsies or remove polyps. The procedure itself begins with a colon cleanse beginning a few days before the colonoscopy. This empties the colon for the test. On the day of your test, your doctor administers sedation medication to relax you during the procedure. After inserting the colonoscope into the anus, the tube moves through the rectum to the colon, then fills the colon with air. This allows your doctor to see the colon’s lining. After the procedure, you will be required to stay in recovery for about an hour. The medications you take before the procedure require that you bring someone to drive you home afterward.

When should I schedule a colonoscopy? 
The general rule of thumb is that patients over 50 with an average cancer risk should undergo a preventative colonoscopy every ten years. This gives Dr. Madokoro the chance to find any precancerous or cancerous polyps early, decreasing the chance of colorectal cancer or even preventing it altogether. Signs that you should schedule a colonoscopy include:

  • gastrointestinal irritation
  • constipation
  • irregular stools
  • chronic diarrhea
  • blood in the stool
  • sudden or unexplained weight loss

Your doctor can help you determine if a colonoscopy is best for you and your situation. For more information on colonoscopy, please contact Dr. Glenn D. Madokoro, MD at Newport Beach GI in Newport Beach, CA. Call (949) 548-8800 to schedule your appointment for an examination today!

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
April 27, 2016
Tags: Colonoscopy  

Find out more about colorectal cancer screenings and who should get them.

Are you turning 50 years old this year? If so, it might be time to give yourself the gift of prevention and schedule a colonoscopy with your colorectal cancer preventionNewport Beach, CA gastroenterologist Dr. Glenn Madokoro.

Who should get screened?

Anyone over the age of 50 or older should be getting routine screenings from their GI doctor in Newport Beach. Those who are at risk of developing colorectal cancer may need to get screened earlier. We are happy to help determine when and how often you should get screened.

Who is at risk for colorectal cancer?

There are several factors that can put you at risk for developing this form of cancer including:

  • Personal history of adenomatous polyps or colorectal cancer
  • Family history of colorectal cancer (particularly if it’s a first-degree relative who has been diagnosed)
  • Age (risk will increase throughout a person’s life as they get older)
  • Obesity
  • A diet high in fat, as well as processed or red meat
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Smoking or excessive alcohol intake
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

If you have one or more factors then it’s time to call our Newport Beach, CA office today to schedule an appointment with our gastroenterologist.

What is involved in a colorectal cancer screening?

While there are a few different screening tests available the best one for detecting cancerous and precancerous growths is a colonoscopy. Of course, some people decide not to get screened despite needing to because they may be embarrassed or scared about the procedure. But this procedure is performed while you are sedated, so you shouldn’t worry about it being uncomfortable. But we understand that this can be a stressful time and our goal is to make sure that you feel as comfortable as possible so feel free to talk to us about ways to make your test easier on you. Remember: this test could just save your life.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 22 million adults ages 50-75 still need to be tested. Are you part of that 22 million? If so, then it’s time to call our Newport Beach, CA gastroenterology office today.

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
January 07, 2016
Tags: Colonoscopy  

A colonoscopy is a test used to examine your large intestine for signs of cancer and find the cause of other problems, such as abdominal pain. Initial colonoscopies are recommended at age 50, although they are used at any age to diagnose a gastrointestinal problem. ColonoscopyGastroenterologist Glenn D. Madokoro, M.D., of Newport Beach, CA, is here to share information about the colonoscopy process.

Why is colonoscopy prep so important?

Your Newport Beach gastroenterologist inserts a thin, flexible, lighted tube with a camera into your anus during your colonoscopy. As he gently guides the colonoscope through your colon, the camera transmits images to a monitor. If any fecal matter remains in your colon, your doctor won't be able to see the lining clearly. During colonoscopy prep, you'll clean out your colon with laxatives. Although you might find the process a little unpleasant, it's an absolutely crucial step.

What happens during a colonoscopy?

Before the procedure starts, you will be given a sedative or undergo general anesthesia to ensure that your body is completely relaxed during the procedure. You'll lie on your side while your gastroenterologist places the tube in your anus and guides it through your rectum and colon. The scope not only takes video images of your colon; it also pumps air into your colon to give Dr. Madokoro a clear view of the lining. Once the scope reaches the opening to your small intestine, your doctor will slowly withdraw it and take a second look at the lining of your colon.

What if a polyp is found during the colonoscopy?

Polyps are small growths on the lining of the colon walls that can eventually become cancerous. In addition to sending images of your colon to a monitor, the colonoscope can also be used to remove polyps. Any polyps removed during the procedure are sent to a laboratory for testing. You may notice some light bleeding after the colonoscopy if you have a polyp removed.

What is the colonoscopy recovery process like?

Plan to spend at least an hour or two at the outpatient center or hospital following a colonoscopy. During this time, the effects of the sedative or anesthesia will wear off and the medical staff will monitor you to make sure you aren't experiencing any issues. Someone will need to drive you home if you've had anesthesia. You may pass gas for a few hours after the procedure, but by the next day, you should feel completely normal.

Make your colon health a priority this year! Schedule a colonoscopy appointment with Newport Beach, CA, gastroenterologist Glenn D. Madokoro, M.D. by calling (949) 548-8800.

By Glenn D. Madokoro, MD
January 13, 2015
Tags: Endoscopy  

Digestive IssuesAnyone with persistent digestive issues should consult a gastroenterologist, a doctor specializing in the digestive system, to address discomfort and diagnose any infections or diseases that may be causing health problems. Not all digestive conditions require an endoscopy to diagnose, but the procedure may be crucial to identifying and treating whatever problems you’re encountering with your stomach and other parts of your digestive tract.

What is an Endoscopy?

A gastroenterologist may use a device called an endoscope to examine your digestive tract. The endoscope is a flexible tube equipped with a light and camera, allowing the doctor to view your digestive tract on a monitor. An endoscopy is a non-surgical procedure helpful in identifying and treating stomach pain, ulcers, gastritis, constipation, diarrhea, growths in the colon and digestive bleeding. The gastroenterologist may use the scope to take a sample of tissue, known as a biopsy, to further diagnose any disease.

As an endoscopy isn’t a surgery, it doesn’t require significant recovery time. However, you’ll want to schedule the procedure for a time when you can adequately prepare for it. At minimum, you’ll need to fast for about 6 to 8 hours before the endoscopy, but if the doctor plans to examine your colon, you will need to take laxatives the day before the appointment in order to eliminate stool from your colon. Endoscopy patients are sedated during the examination, so you shouldn’t drive until the day after the procedure.

Call Glenn D Madokoro, MD if you are suffering from digestive issues

If you’re experiencing disruptive digestive issues, call your Newport Beach, CA, doctor about scheduling an endoscopy as soon as possible. Glenn D Madokoro, MD, not only performs endoscopy procedures, but offers a full array ofgastroenterology services to help you maintain a healthy digestive system. To learn more about Dr. Madokoro’s offerings or schedule an appointment, call (949) 548-8800 today. Your body will thank you!

By Glenn D. Madokoro, MD
September 23, 2014
Tags: Colonoscopy  
While a colonoscopy probably isn’t at the top of your list of things to do, it is one of the most important routine medical procedures you can have performed. According to the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE), colorectal cancer is the third-most common cause of cancer deaths in the U.S.—and with a regular colonoscopy, it is almost completely preventable.
Using a thin flexible tubular instrument called a colonoscope, the procedure allows your gastroenterologist to look at the inside of the entire colon and rectum to detect precancerous growths or polyps. Polyps are abnormal growths in the colon lining. They are usually noncancerous and range in size. If polyps are detected during a colonoscopy, Dr. Madokoro will remove them for analysis. Cancer begins in polyps and removing them is a critical step to preventing colorectal cancer.
Most colonoscopies are administered on an outpatient basis, and the entire procedure usually only takes between 30 minutes and one hour. Following the colonoscopy, Dr. Madokoro can explain the results of the colonoscopy as soon as it has been completed.

Why might I need a Colonoscopy?

Most medical experts recommend a colonoscopy procedure starting at the age of 50 and usually once every 10 years thereafter. Some people may have a greater risk of developing colon abnormalities and require a screening earlier or more frequently, including people with a family history of colon cancer or someone with colon polyps or inflammatory bowel disease.

In addition to identifying abnormal polyps or precancerous growths, a colonoscopy can also help:
Determine the cause of abdominal pain, rectal bleeding or change in bowel habits
Diagnose or rule out many digestive disorders, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease
Remove polyps before they become cancerous
Remove abnormal tissue samples for further testing
Stop intestinal bleeding
Monitor response to treatments if you have inflammatory bowel disease


Benefits of Newport Beach Colonoscopy

Colon cancer is called a silent killer because symptoms don’t usually present themselves until the cancer is too advanced for treatment. Early detection is the key to successful removal and treatment of colon cancer. The good news is that a colonoscopy in Newport Beach—a quick, 30 minute screening—is the only procedure that both detects and removes precancerous polyps during the same procedure.
If you have questions about colonoscopy, colon cancer or other abnormalities affecting the large intestine, contact Dr. Madokoro today or schedule a consultation online.
colonoscopyModern science has made it easier to view the body’s internal structures to search for early signs of disease, bleeding and more before conditions can become more severe. This is the case for Dr. Glenn Madokoro, who uses specialized, lighted tubes with cameras on the end known as endoscopes to view inside the body.
Dr. Madokoro performs a number of gastroenterology services, including colonoscopy and upper endoscopy. While he performs other endoscopic procedures, the upper endoscopy and the colonoscopy are two similar procedures that are indicated for different reasons. Knowing why Dr. Madokoro would recommend one procedure over another can help you better understand the procedure and what Dr. Madokoro may be looking for.
A colonoscopy is a procedure that involves inserting a colonscope that is specifically designed to view the rectum and colon. The colonscope is inserted via the anus and advanced up to the large intestine, extending up as high as the end of the small intestine.
By contrast, an upper endoscopy is inserted in the reverse direction. This procedure uses an endoscope inserted through the mouth and is advanced through the esophagus to the stomach, the duodenum and the small intestine. This allows Dr. Madokoro to visualize these tissues to determine if abnormalities are present.
Dr. Madokoro can recommend an upper endoscopy versus a colonoscopy for various reasons. In some instances, both may be performed in the same procedural time. Some reasons he may perform an upper endoscopy include if you have been vomiting bright red blood, experiencing stomach pain, having difficulty swallowing or if he suspects you may have an ulcer somewhere in your stomach or small intestinal lining.
A colonoscopy is typically performed to test for abnormalities in the colon, such as polyps that could indicate colon cancer. Other reasons Dr. Madokoro may recommend a colonoscopy is if you are experiencing symptoms such as dark blood in your stool, to test for the possible presence of inflammatory bowel disease or to determine the cause of anemia.
Whatever the procedure need or reason for the procedure, Dr. Madokoro and his staff will make every effort to ensure you thoroughly understand the procedure or procedures.
For more information on colonoscopy, endoscopy and additional procedures offered at our Newport Beach gastroenterologist’s office, please call the office of Dr. Glenn Madokoro at (949) 548-8800.