By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
November 08, 2017
Category: Gastroenterologist
Tags: Polyps  

Are you suffering from polyps?polyps

Dr. Glenn Madokoro, your Newport Beach, CA, gastroenterologist, is an expert when it comes to detecting polyps so if you're in need of a colonoscopy, here are some things you may want to know beforehand.

What are polyps?

Polyps are a noncancerous growth that can be found in the lining of the bowel. They occur in your gastrointestinal tract but are found most commonly in the colon. Polyps vary in size and look like bumps or mushrooms protruding from the bowel.

Screening methods are important and necessary to detect polyps. Your Newport Beach gastroenterologist may recommend a colonoscopy to detect these polyps so that he can remove them.

What causes them?

Polyps are common among adults who are estimated to be an average of 60 years old. The cause of polyps is unknown, but experts think it may be due to a high-fat and low-fiber diet, or genetics.

What types of polyps are there?

There are two common types of polyps:

  • The hyperplastic polyp, which isn't a cancer risk.
  • The adenoma is thought to be the origin of many colon cancers.

How often do I need a colonoscopy?

Cleaning the surface of your colon is important. Your next colonoscopy will be set by your doctor, but the timing he sets will depend on the following factors:

  • The number of polyps and the size of the polyps. If they are small, then your doctor will schedule repeating a colonoscopy in three to five years. If, however, they are large and flat, then your doctor may recommend you repeat the colonoscopy in a few months.
  • The type and quality of the polyps' tissue

For more information on polyps, colonoscopies and how to remove polyps, you need to contact your Newport Beach, CA, doctor, Dr. Glenn Madokoro, at (949) 548-8800 today!

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
August 22, 2017
Category: GI Care
Tags: Colonoscopy  

If you're age 50 or older, you know that a screening colonoscopy appears on your "to do" list. If your heredity and current health status

Colonoscopy

indicate you're at low risk for developing colon cancer, your gastroenterologist in Newport Beach, CA may ask you to repeat the test every 10 years. However, some conditions require more frequent screening or a follow-up colonoscopy. Follow-up of this very accurate diagnostic test is much like your original screening. Find out the reasons why it's performed from Dr. Glenn Madokoro.

Is colon cancer a real threat?

Yes, it is, especially as your age advances beyond 50. The American Cancer Society says that undetected, colon cancer will kill 50,000 Americans this year alone. That's why prophylactic testing is so important. If detected in its earliest stages, colon cancer can be cured.

Your Newport Beach gastroenterologist will help you determine what your interval should be between your initial screening colonoscopy and your follow-ups. Many adults require follow-up after 10 years because their intestinal mucosa showed no areas of concern.

If however, your exam reveals abnormalities such as diverticulum, small pouches or indentations which form in the walls of the large intestine, or polyps, growths that can be benign or precancerous (adenomas), you likely will need more frequent colonoscopies.

What happens during a follow-up colonoscopy?

Physicians also call this procedure a surveillance colonoscopy because it watches for changes in previously found abnormalities. Dr. Madokoro is well-known for his slow and careful search through the large intestine using a lighted and video-monitored scope.

To begin your procedure, you are given a tranquilizer, such as Valium, to relax you. You rest on one side and the doctor gently inserts the thin, flexible instrument through the rectum. Some patients drift off to sleep during the test and may remember very little of the experience afterward.

As the doctor advances the scope, he searches for polyps and removes them for biopsy if he encounters any. Polyps may be excised with a tiny electrical current (burn fulguration) or with a small loop of wire (snare polypectomy). Dr. Madokoro carefully looks through the entire length of the colon to ensure he has retrieved all polyps.

Don't worry; be informed

Whatever the reason is for your follow-up colonoscopy in Newport Beach, CA, rest assured it is an excellent tool in keeping you and your colon healthy. If it's time for your first colonoscopy or for your follow-up test, please contact Dr. Madokoro's staff for an appointment. Call today: (949) 548-8800.

 
By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
June 15, 2017
Category: Gastroenterologist
Tags: Endoscopy  

For individuals experiencing abdominal pain, difficulty swallowing, nausea or vomiting, our gastroenterologist, Dr. Glenn Madokoro in endoscopyNewport Beach, CA, can perform a variety of endoscopy procedures to diagnose your symptoms. An endoscopy is a nonsurgical procedure that examines the digestive tract.

Endoscopy Procedure Types

Individuals may need an endoscopy in Newport Beach for a variety of reasons including:

  • Digestive tract bleeding
  • Changes in bowel habits
  • Growths or polyps inside the colon
  • Ulcers
  • Gastritis
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Unexplained stomach pain

Dr. Madokoro will explain to you exactly what will be done during your particular procedure. He will work with you directly to determine the best procedure and will inform you about the steps needed in order to successfully complete the test. Some endoscopy procedures he offers includes:

  1. Colonoscopy: This procedure tests for colorectal cancer. It uses a colonoscope that is inserted into the rectum. A gastroenterologist can examine the lining of the large intestine (colon) for any abnormalities.
  2. Upper Endoscopy: This procedure allows a doctor to examine the lining of the esophagus, duodenum, and the stomach. It is often used because it is more effective than x-rays to detect any inflammation, tumors or ulcers in the area.
  3. Capsule Endoscopy: This procedure helps the doctor to evaluate the small intestine, a part of the bowel that isn’t reached with a traditional colonoscopy or upper endoscopy. The most common reason is to search for a cause of bleeding. It can also be used to detect polyps, Crohn’s disease, tumors or even ulcers in the small intestine. It allows Dr. Madokoro to examine the lining of the middle part of the GI tract. The process takes about eight hours.

To schedule an appointment in Newport Beach, CA, to discuss what an endoscopy can do for your health, call (949) 548-8800 today.

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
April 17, 2017
Tags: Capsule Endoscopy  

A capsule endoscopy is a procedure allowing gastroenterologists to view and examine the interior middle portion of the gastrointestinal capsule endoscopytract. This area of the gastrointestinal tract includes three sections of the small intestine that cannot be accessed through a traditional colonoscopy or endoscopy. Capsule endoscopies can help determine the cause of bleeding in the small intestine and can be used to detect polyps, tumors and ulcers. Dr. Glenn Madokoro performs capsule endoscopies in Newport Beach, CA.

Capsule Endoscopy Procedure

The capsule endoscopy procedure is performed with a small video camera about the size of a typical pill or capsule. The patient actually swallows this capsule so it can travel down to the small intestine and take pictures of the intestinal lining. During the procedure, the images are sent to a device worn outside the body. After the procedure, the capsule containing the tiny video camera will finish passing through the intestines and be excreted. The entire procedure lasts about eight hours. Extensive physical activity should be avoided immediately afterward.

Preparing for the Procedure

It is important to have an empty stomach during the capsule endoscopy. No food or beverages should be consumed twelve hours prior to the procedure. Prescription or over-the-counter medications might also need to be halted during this time. Let the gastroenterologist know in advance if you are taking any medications so the doctor can determine if those medications might present potential problems. Overall, having a capsule endoscopy done by your Newport Beach gastroenterologist is a straightforward procedure that can detect various problems.

If you need to undergo a capsule endoscopy in the Newport Beach, CA, area, Dr. Madokoro can help. He has extensive experience performing capsule endoscopies and other similar procedures. To find out if you might benefit from having a capsule endoscopy performed, schedule a consultation with Dr. Madokoro by calling (949) 548-8800.

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
February 10, 2017
Category: Gastroenterologist
Tags: gastro services  

Stomach issues can prove to quickly affect your quality of life and cause more trouble than one would think. However, your gastroenerologistgastroenterologist can help you find answers to your stomach troubles and learn to manage your condition to get back to a normal life. Learn about what services your gastroenterologist, Dr. Glenn Madokoro, at Newport Beach, CA, provides and what he can do for you.

What is a gastroenterologist? 
Gastroenterology is a branch of internal medicine focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the digestive system, including the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and biliary system. Gastroenterologists have extensive training and education in this field, such as having knowledge of how food moves through the gastrointestinal tract. Gastroenterologists undergo at least 13 years of education, training, residency, and fellowship before becoming Board Eligible and, ultimately, Board Certified.

What can my gastroenterologist do for me? 
Gastroenterologists specialize in diagnosing and treating symptoms of gastrointestinal conditions, including:

  • gallbladder disease
  • cancer
  • constipation/diarrhea
  • hemorrhoids
  • upset stomach/nausea/vomiting
  • unexplained weight loss
  • colon disease
  • ulcers
  • liver disease

Gastroenterology in Newport Beach, CA
Your doctor may use several techniques or tests to investigate your symptoms, including:

  • Colonoscopy: This important procedure uses a long, thin hose to investigate the lower digestive system and search for the presence of cancerous or pre-cancerous symptoms. Routine colonoscopy to screen for colorectal cancers is recommended for patients 50 years and older.
  • Polyp Detection: Polyps are pre-cancerous growths which occur in the digestive tract. Finding and removing polyps early can help keep you and your digestive tract healthy.
  • Endoscopy: While a colonoscopy investigates the lower digestive tract, an endoscopy investigates the upper half. A long thin tube inserted orally allows your doctor to see the esophagus, stomach and a portion of the small intestine.
  • Esophageal Dilation: This procedure stretches narrowed parts of the esophagus to help make swallowing easier for patients who experience scarring due to conditions like acid reflux.

For more information on gastroenterology and how it can help you, please contact Dr. Madokoro at Newport Beach Gastroenterology in Newport Beach, CA. Call (949) 548-8800 to schedule your appointment with Dr. Madokoro today!

Tummy troubles? Digestive diseases significantly affect millions of individuals worldwide. There’s no need to suffer in silence. If you digestive diseasesuspect you could have one of the following digestive diseases, don't delay in speaking with your doctor. Dr. Glenn Madokoro, one of Newport Beach, CA's finest gastroenterologists. Dr. Madokoro can assist with diagnosing and treating your digestive condition. Here are five digestive diseases you should be aware of: 

1. Crohn’s Disease

Crohn's disease is an inflammatory disease of the digestive tract. Symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal pain and weight loss. Treatments for this condition consist of lifestyle changes as well as prescription anti-inflammatory medication and over-the-counter antidiarrheic.

2. GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, occurs when stomach acid flows back into your food pipe (esophagus). Most individuals can manage the discomfort of GERD with over-the-counter medications and lifestyle changes. But some patients may need stronger medicines or surgery to reduce symptoms.

3. Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes ulcers and inflammation in your digestive tract. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea and bleeding from the rectum. Treatments for this condition consist of over-the-counter medicines for diarrhea and prescription medicines that reduce the body's immune response. If you have severe symptoms and medicines don't help, you may need surgery to remove your colon.

4. Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome is a gastrointestinal disorder. This condition commonly causes diarrhea, gas, cramping, bloating, abdominal pain and constipation. Treatments for this condition consist of lifestyle changes and medications. Treatment focuses on the relief of symptoms so that you can live as normally as possible.

5. Celiac Disease

Celiac disease is a serious autoimmune disease affecting the small intestine. This condition results in damage to the villi of the small intestine when gluten-containing foods are eaten. The intestinal damage often causes bloating, diarrhea, weight loss, fatigue and anemia. A gluten-free diet is the only way to manage celiac disease. If your nutritional deficiencies are severe, your physician at Newport Beach may also recommend taking vitamin and mineral supplements.

Trials and tribulations of the gut are never comfortable — both to go through and to talk about. Your stomach troubles may be a sign of something serious. Call Dr. Madokoro in Newport Beach, CA at (949) 548-8800 right now to schedule your appointment. Don't take risks with your health.

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
October 21, 2016
Category: Gastroenterologist
Tags: Endoscopy  

Having GI distress? Then find out if an endoscopy could give you the answers to your stomach issues.

There are many symptoms that may warrant a trip to see our Newport Beach, CA gastroenterologist, Dr. Glenn Madokoro. An endoscopy endoscopyis a handy diagnostic tool for being able to detect the cause of symptoms such as abdominal pain, heartburn, nausea, gastrointestinal bleeding or difficulty swallowing. Find out more about an endoscopy and how it might be able to give you the answers you’ve been looking for.

An upper endoscopy is an outpatient procedure in which our Newport Beach GI doctor will place a thin flexible scope into the upper digestive tract, which involves the esophagus, stomach and the duodenum (the upper portion of the small intestines). As we already mentioned, an endoscopy is recommended if there are certain digestive symptoms like bleeding or abdominal pain. An endoscopy can also be used to detect inflammation, polyp, ulcers and tumors.

Why an upper endoscopy over an x-ray? Because it’s a lot more accurate at being able to pinpoint any abnormal or even cancerous growths. Plus, if we do happen to find a suspicious growth or polyp we can easily take a sample of it to analyze. You wouldn’t be able to do that during an x-ray. Plus, we can also treat bleeding caused by ulcers and remove stuck objects found within the stomach or esophagus.

What You Should Know Before Your Endoscopy

Before your procedure you will want to sit down with us and tell us everything about your medical history including past surgeries, any heart conditions you may have, allergies to medications or if you are pregnant. It’s important that you give us as many details about your health and medical history as possible so that there are no complications. After all, your health is our top priority.

We will give you information on what you should and shouldn’t do prior to your procedure. For one, you won’t want to eat or drink anything for about eight hours before your endoscopy. If you are taking any medications for a heart condition or high blood pressure we will also give you full instructions on how to take those medications prior to your procedure.

Our Newport Beach, CA gastroenterology center is here to address all of your concerns. From chronic heartburn to diarrhea, we treat it all so that you can get back to what really matters: your life!

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
August 15, 2016
Category: Gastroenterologist
Tags: Crohn's Disease  

Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes pain, severe diarrhea, and other serious symptoms. Glenn D. Madokoro, M.D., your Newport Beach, CA gastroenterologist, shares some signs that may indicate that you have Crohn's disease.Chrohn's Disease

Signs of Crohn's disease

Signs of Crohn's disease can vary in severity, but often include:

  • Pain and Cramps: Since Crohn's disease causes ulcers and inflammation of the lining of your digestive tract, it's not surprising that abdominal pain and cramps are common signs of the disease. It's much harder for food to move through the digestive tract when the lining is inflamed or contains ulcers. Mild to severe pain can occur during the digestion process due to these factors.
  • Diarrhea: Diarrhea often occurs with abdominal pain and cramps.
  • Bloody Stools: If you glance at the toilet bowl after a bowel movement, you may notice that your stools are bloody. Both red and dark blood may be a sign that you have Crohn's disease.
  • Appetite Issues: You may not feel like eating if you have Crohn's disease, which can lead to weight loss. Weight loss may also occur because inflammation may make it harder for your body to absorb nutrients from food.
  • Mouth Ulcers: Frequent mouth sores can be a sign of the disease.
  • Fever: Inflammations and infections in the digestive tract may trigger fevers.
  • Fatigue: You may feel more tired than usual and feel that you don't just have enough energy if you have Crohn's disease.
  • Perianal Problems: Inflammation can cause fistulas to occur around your anus. Fistulas are tunnels that develop under your skin.

How can a gastroenterologist help me?

Your Newport Beach ,CA gastroenterologist can prescribe medications that help reduce inflammation and suppress the substances produced by your immune system that cause the inflammation. Your doctor may also recommend other medications and therapies to relieve your symptoms, including pain medication, vitamin B12 shots, nutritional supplements and nutrition therapy. In severe cases, surgery may be needed to remove damaged areas of your digestive tract.

Contact Your Newport Beach, CA Gastroenterologist

Prompt treatment can help you avoid serious complications due to Crohn's disease. If you suspect that you have the disease, call Glenn D. Madokoro, M.D., your Newport Beach, CA, gastroenterologist, at (949) 548-8800 to schedule an appointment.

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
June 14, 2016
Tags: Colonoscopy  

A colonoscopy might not be on the top of your priority list. However, this procedure is an incredibly important tool for preventing and colonoscopydiagnosing colon cancer, which affects about 150,000 new patients per year. But how can you tell if you should schedule a colonoscopy? Learn more with help from your Newport Beach, CA gastroenterologist Dr. Glenn D. Madokoro, MD at Newport Beach GI.

What can a colonoscopy do for me? 
Doctors use a colonoscopy to detect signs of gastrointestinal conditions and colorectal cancer. The medical procedure allows your doctor to visually see the lining of your rectum and colon to spot irregularities and precancerous or cancerous growths called polyps. Finding polyps early greatly decreases your chances of developing colorectal cancer. Colonoscopy also allows your doctor to investigate problematic symptoms of gastrointestinal issues like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and administer their treatments.

Colonoscopy in Newport Beach, CA
Colonoscopy uses a piece of medical equipment called a colonoscope. This long, thin tube, which is inserted rectally, has a tiny camera attached to the end. If necessary, your doctor uses miniaturized tools threaded through the tube to take biopsies or remove polyps. The procedure itself begins with a colon cleanse beginning a few days before the colonoscopy. This empties the colon for the test. On the day of your test, your doctor administers sedation medication to relax you during the procedure. After inserting the colonoscope into the anus, the tube moves through the rectum to the colon, then fills the colon with air. This allows your doctor to see the colon’s lining. After the procedure, you will be required to stay in recovery for about an hour. The medications you take before the procedure require that you bring someone to drive you home afterward.

When should I schedule a colonoscopy? 
The general rule of thumb is that patients over 50 with an average cancer risk should undergo a preventative colonoscopy every ten years. This gives Dr. Madokoro the chance to find any precancerous or cancerous polyps early, decreasing the chance of colorectal cancer or even preventing it altogether. Signs that you should schedule a colonoscopy include:

  • gastrointestinal irritation
  • constipation
  • irregular stools
  • chronic diarrhea
  • blood in the stool
  • sudden or unexplained weight loss

Your doctor can help you determine if a colonoscopy is best for you and your situation. For more information on colonoscopy, please contact Dr. Glenn D. Madokoro, MD at Newport Beach GI in Newport Beach, CA. Call (949) 548-8800 to schedule your appointment for an examination today!

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
April 27, 2016
Tags: Colonoscopy  

Find out more about colorectal cancer screenings and who should get them.

Are you turning 50 years old this year? If so, it might be time to give yourself the gift of prevention and schedule a colonoscopy with your colorectal cancer preventionNewport Beach, CA gastroenterologist Dr. Glenn Madokoro.

Who should get screened?

Anyone over the age of 50 or older should be getting routine screenings from their GI doctor in Newport Beach. Those who are at risk of developing colorectal cancer may need to get screened earlier. We are happy to help determine when and how often you should get screened.

Who is at risk for colorectal cancer?

There are several factors that can put you at risk for developing this form of cancer including:

  • Personal history of adenomatous polyps or colorectal cancer
  • Family history of colorectal cancer (particularly if it’s a first-degree relative who has been diagnosed)
  • Age (risk will increase throughout a person’s life as they get older)
  • Obesity
  • A diet high in fat, as well as processed or red meat
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Smoking or excessive alcohol intake
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

If you have one or more factors then it’s time to call our Newport Beach, CA office today to schedule an appointment with our gastroenterologist.

What is involved in a colorectal cancer screening?

While there are a few different screening tests available the best one for detecting cancerous and precancerous growths is a colonoscopy. Of course, some people decide not to get screened despite needing to because they may be embarrassed or scared about the procedure. But this procedure is performed while you are sedated, so you shouldn’t worry about it being uncomfortable. But we understand that this can be a stressful time and our goal is to make sure that you feel as comfortable as possible so feel free to talk to us about ways to make your test easier on you. Remember: this test could just save your life.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 22 million adults ages 50-75 still need to be tested. Are you part of that 22 million? If so, then it’s time to call our Newport Beach, CA gastroenterology office today.

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
February 18, 2016
Category: Gastroenterologist
Tags: Endoscopy  

If you live in the Newport Beach, CA area, and you have been told you need an endoscopy, chances are you have questions and Endoscopyconcerns. A qualified gastroenterologist, like Dr. Glenn D Madokoro, can help you answer those questions.

The following are some common questions and answers regarding endoscopy

What is an endoscopy?

An endoscopy is a minimally invasive medical procedure in which a long, flexible tube with a tiny camera is used to examine difficult to reach areas of the body. In an upper endoscopy, the tube is inserted down the patient’s throat to examine the esophagus, stomach and beginning of the small intestine.

What is the purpose of an endoscopy?

The purpose of an endoscopy is to examine, diagnose, and sometimes treat conditions of difficult to examine areas such as the upper and lower GI tract.

Why do I need an endoscopy?

Chances are your Newport Beach doctor wants to further examine your upper GI tract to either ensure nothing is wrong or to diagnose a condition and treat it.

Is the procedure safe?

Yes. Very few complications are associated with the procedure. Usually, it is done on an outpatient basis. However, if you experience any such symptoms as fever, chest pain, shortness of breath, bloody or dark stool, difficulty swallowing, persistent abdominal painor vomiting, call your doctor immediately and/or go to the emergency room.

How long will it take?

Typically, an endoscopy will take 15-30 minutes. Your doctor may ask that you stop taking certain medications prior to your procedure. You will also need to fast for a period of time, generally 4-8 hours, before the procedure.

What happens next?

As most endoscopies are done on an inpatient basis, you will probably be in and out of the doctor’s office within a couple of hours. However, since you will likely receive local anesthesia and/or mild sedative it’s a good idea to have someone else drive you to and from the doctor’s office, clinic or hospital. You could experience mild discomfort after the procedure, possibly a sore throat or minor abdominal discomfort. Depending on the purpose of the procedure, you should get the results of the procedure within a few hours to a few days.

People living in the Newport Beach, CA area who are seeking information about endoscopy or who need a qualified physician to administer an endoscopy might consider contacting Glenn D. Madokoro, M.D. For more information call (949)548-8800 or visit the website at www.newportbeachgi.org.

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
January 07, 2016
Tags: Colonoscopy  

A colonoscopy is a test used to examine your large intestine for signs of cancer and find the cause of other problems, such as abdominal pain. Initial colonoscopies are recommended at age 50, although they are used at any age to diagnose a gastrointestinal problem. ColonoscopyGastroenterologist Glenn D. Madokoro, M.D., of Newport Beach, CA, is here to share information about the colonoscopy process.

Why is colonoscopy prep so important?

Your Newport Beach gastroenterologist inserts a thin, flexible, lighted tube with a camera into your anus during your colonoscopy. As he gently guides the colonoscope through your colon, the camera transmits images to a monitor. If any fecal matter remains in your colon, your doctor won't be able to see the lining clearly. During colonoscopy prep, you'll clean out your colon with laxatives. Although you might find the process a little unpleasant, it's an absolutely crucial step.

What happens during a colonoscopy?

Before the procedure starts, you will be given a sedative or undergo general anesthesia to ensure that your body is completely relaxed during the procedure. You'll lie on your side while your gastroenterologist places the tube in your anus and guides it through your rectum and colon. The scope not only takes video images of your colon; it also pumps air into your colon to give Dr. Madokoro a clear view of the lining. Once the scope reaches the opening to your small intestine, your doctor will slowly withdraw it and take a second look at the lining of your colon.

What if a polyp is found during the colonoscopy?

Polyps are small growths on the lining of the colon walls that can eventually become cancerous. In addition to sending images of your colon to a monitor, the colonoscope can also be used to remove polyps. Any polyps removed during the procedure are sent to a laboratory for testing. You may notice some light bleeding after the colonoscopy if you have a polyp removed.

What is the colonoscopy recovery process like?

Plan to spend at least an hour or two at the outpatient center or hospital following a colonoscopy. During this time, the effects of the sedative or anesthesia will wear off and the medical staff will monitor you to make sure you aren't experiencing any issues. Someone will need to drive you home if you've had anesthesia. You may pass gas for a few hours after the procedure, but by the next day, you should feel completely normal.

Make your colon health a priority this year! Schedule a colonoscopy appointment with Newport Beach, CA, gastroenterologist Glenn D. Madokoro, M.D. by calling (949) 548-8800.

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
October 29, 2015
Category: Gastroenterologist
Tags: Polyps  

Polyps are a small cluster of cells that grow on the lining of the colon. Most polyps tend to be harmless, and generally don’t cause noticeable symptoms. However, some polyps can eventually grow and develop into colon cancer. Colon cancer is the third most cancercommon form of cancer in men and women in the United States. When diagnosed and treated early, colon cancer can be treatable. Dr. Glenn D. Madokoro, a gastroenterologist in Newport Beach, CA, recommends that people become familiar with their individual risk factors and predisposition to developing polyps, and to undergo colonoscopy screenings to detect abnormal cell growth in the large intestine and rectum.

What causes polyps?

Abnormalities or genetic mutations can sometimes cause cells to proliferate and continue dividing beyond what is necessary for healthy cell function. In the large intestine (colon), this unregulated cell growth can lead to the formation of polyps in the lining of the colon.

Are polyps cancerous?

Generally, most polyps are benign and do not necessarily develop into cancer. Larger masses can increase the likelihood that they will become malignant, and other risk factors such as genetics and lifestyle factors can also play a role in the development of cancer.

What are the signs and symptoms of polyps?

Polyps generally do not present symptoms. In some cases, people with polyps may experience rectal bleeding, changes in bowel habits and stool color, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, iron deficiency and anemia.

What are the different types of polyps?

There are several types of polyps. The most common forms are:

  • Adenomatous - most common type, a small percentage usually become cancerous, however, they make up the majority of cancerous polyps.
  • Serrated - vary in shape and size and location in the colon. Serrated polyps located in the upper colon are harder to detect and more likely to become cancerous.
  • Inflammatory - usually develop as a result of ulcerative colitis or Chron’s disease, both of which can potentially increase a person’s risk of developing colon cancer.

Who is at risk for developing polyps?

Polyps are not uncommon and can develop in many people without becoming malignant. Dr. Madokoro advises his Newport Beach patients above the age of 50 to schedule a colonoscopy to screen for polyps (people with genetic predispositions to polyps and colon cancer may need to start screening earlier).

Other risk factors include:

  • Race (African Americans are at higher risk)
  • Alcohol and tobacco use
  • Obesity
  • Type 2 Diabetes

To learn more about your individual risk for developing polyps, and to schedule a colonoscopy, contact Glenn D. Madokoro, MD in Newport Beach, CA at (949) 548-8800 today!

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
August 05, 2015
Category: Gastroenterologist
Tags: Colonoscopy  

Has your Newport Beach, CA doctor, Glenn D. Madokoro, MD, talked to you about having a colonoscopy yet? A common medical procedure, colonoscopies are used to screen for signs of colon cancer and other dangerous conditions of the colon. Here are fourColonoscopy reasons you might need one.

1. You are Fifty or Older

Routine colonoscopies typically begin around fifty years of age for most people. Even if you have no warning signs or family history of colon cancer, your Newport Beach, CA doctor will likely recommend a colonoscopy around this age just to be safe.

2. You are at an Increased Risk for Colon Cancer

If you are one of the many Newport Beach, CA residents at an increased risk for colon cancer, however, your doctor will likely recommend that you have a colonoscopy sooner or more frequently. This will help ensure that, if something does develop, your doctor will know right away.

3. A Previous Screening Indicated Cause for Concern

While the majority of colonoscopy results come back normal, if yours indicates that there is some cause for concern, your doctor will want to see you back again more frequently. This will help your doctor make the best treatment decision for you.

4. You are Experiencing Several Symptoms Related to Your Bowels.

Colon cancer can present several symptoms. If you notice one or more of the following symptoms, call Dr. Madokoro in Newport Beach, CA to schedule a colonoscopy sooner rather than later.

  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Bloody stool
  • Stomach cramps
  • Unexplained weight loss

While these symptoms can just be the result of consuming the wrong foods, they can also be a sign that something is wrong. If any of the four descriptions above fits you, call Dr. Madokoro in Newport Beach, CA to set up an appointment for your next colonoscopy today.

By Office of Glenn D. Madokoro, MD
April 15, 2015
Category: Gastroenterologist
Tags: Diverticulitis  

Diverticulitis Diverticulitis is an unfortunately common and painful disease of the digestive system. It occurs when pouches formed in the intestines and colon become inflamed. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, and nausea. The disease is diagnosed when symptoms are present and then confirmed with a blood test by your gastroenterologist. An ultrasound or CT scan may also be used to diagnose diverticulitis.

Diverticulitis can be so serious that it can down elite athletes. In 2009, professional wrestler and mixed martial arts star Brock Lesnar nearly lost his career when he was sidelined with diverticulitis. The athlete described this condition as feeling like a “shotgun blast to the stomach,” which says a lot coming from the former Ultimate Fighting Heavyweight Champion.

The Risks of Diverticulitis

  • Cancer
  • Bowel obstruction
  • Fistula
  • Bleeding
  • Peritonitis
  • Strictures

Blood loss may result in hospitalization for observation and intravenous fluids, particularly if it causes dizziness or loss of consciousness.

What Causes Diverticulitis?

Researchers and clinicians have been unable to pinpoint the cause of diverticulitis. Some doctors recommend a diet that includes probiotics and some recommend a high fiber diet. However, experts say there is not enough evidence on either to form a clinical recommendation.

Treatment for Diverticulitis

Depending on the severity of the disease, your doctor may recommend changes in diet or antibiotics if an infection is present. The American College of Gastroenterology guidelines also recommend colonoscopy after diverticulitis to rule out other conditions such as cancer. Patients should have a colonoscopy at least six weeks following the episode of diverticulitis and no more than 12 months after the condition has cleared.

In rare cases, surgery may become necessary to remove the bleeding diverticula. However, most patients stop bleeding on their own after a few days of observation.

If you experience abdominal pain and are concerned about diverticulitis, talk to your Newport Beach gastroenterologist. Dr. Glenn Madokoro of Newport Beach, CA treats patients with diverticulitis and can perform a colonoscopy to check for other conditions associated with the disease. Schedule an appointment today with your Newport Beach gastroenterologist if you are concerned that you may be at risk for diverticulitis.

By Glenn D. Madokoro, MD
February 17, 2015
Category: Gastroenterologist
Tags: Polyps  

Hearing your doctor say that you have polyps can be very frightening. What are polyps? Are polyps dangerous? Thankfully, the diagnosis is generally nowhere near as bad as it sounds. Read on to learn more about polyps and how endoscopy from Glenn D. Madokoro, MD in Newport Beach can help you achieve your maximum health.

What are Polyps?

Polyps are small tissue growths that can be found on any organ. The most common locations for polyps include the colon and the uterus, though they can be found in the nose, ear and stomach as well. Polyps can range in size from smaller than a quarter to several inches across, and you can have none, one or several.

Generally, polyps are not dangerous by themselves. Some types of polyps can be or become cancerous, however, so if your doctor finds one in your body, he or she will likely refer you to a specialized endoscopy professional, such as Dr. Madokoro in Newport Beach.

What Causes Polyps?

While polyps are relatively common, doctors are still uncertain as to what causes them. Doctors do know that age is the biggest risk factor and genetics may play a role as well. While few young adults have polyps, as many as one quarter of all senior citizens may have them at some point.

How are Polyps Identified?

Because most polyps cause no symptoms, doctors recommend that people come in for regular screenings, especially as they age. It is at these routine screenings that doctors will inspect the most at-risk parts of the body for any signs or symptoms of an abnormality.

How are Polyps Treated?

While most polyps are not dangerous, your doctor will want to check to make sure. If Dr. Madokoro finds a polyp, he will remove the polyp and have it biopsied to determine if it is cancerous, pre-cancerous or benign. Polyps are typically removed either with wire loop biopsy forceps or by burning them at the base with an electric current. Both procedures are routine and low-risk.

If your polyp is found to be benign, Dr. Madokoro will likely recommend future monitoring just to make sure that you stay well. The interval of time between screenings will vary from a few months to a few years, depending on the severity and number of the polyps that were found. If your polyp is found to be cancerous, Dr. Madokoro will discuss your treatment options with you from there.

Most polyps are not a cause for concern, but it's always better to be safe than sorry. Be sure to visit your doctor for regular screenings and don't be afraid to visit Dr. Madokoro in Newport Beach for endoscopy treatment if needed.

By Glenn D Madokoro, MD
February 05, 2015
Category: Gastroenterologist
Tags: Colonoscopies   GIQuIC  

GIQuICYour Newport Beach gastroenterologist participates in an endoscopic quality improvement registry to promote more effective medical procedures.

According to the CDC, colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in both men and women, and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the US. The sooner cancer can be detected the better a patient’s prognosis. Therefore, we recommend that anyone at an increased risk for colorectal cancer see their Newport Beach gastroenterologist to get an endoscopy.

Endoscopies, such as a colonoscopy, allow us to assess the digestive system and detect abnormal growths and tumors like adenomas, and it’s vitally important at our practice to ensure that we are offering the best quality health care we possibly can to our patients to provide fast and accurate diagnosis for the most effective treatment plans. That’s why our very own Newport Beach gastroenterologist, Dr. Glenn D. Madokoro, is participating in the GIQuIC registry.

About GIQuIC

As of 2012, about 100,000 colonoscopies have been submitted to the GI Quality Improvement Consortium (GIQuIC). So what does this mean? Through these endoscopy case submissions the GiQuIC is able to provide information to improve the quality of your next procedure. The GiQuIC measures several important factors including adenoma detection rate, prep assessment and cecal intubation rate, to name a few. This information gives gastroenterologists like Dr. Glenn Madokoro peace of mind knowing that they are providing the best treatment measures possible. This also ensures that we are detecting precancerous growths like adenomas before they become full-blown cancer, which means easier and more effective treatments for our patients.

If it’s time for you to schedule your endoscopy in Newport Beach, be sure to call Dr. Glenn Madokoro to book your upcoming procedure. Those over the age of 50 should have a colonoscopy every 10 years to check for adenomas and other cancerous growths. If you are at an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer, tell your Newport Beach gastroenterologist and we’ll let you know how often you should be coming in.

By Glenn D. Madokoro, MD
January 13, 2015
Tags: Endoscopy  

Digestive IssuesAnyone with persistent digestive issues should consult a gastroenterologist, a doctor specializing in the digestive system, to address discomfort and diagnose any infections or diseases that may be causing health problems. Not all digestive conditions require an endoscopy to diagnose, but the procedure may be crucial to identifying and treating whatever problems you’re encountering with your stomach and other parts of your digestive tract.

What is an Endoscopy?

A gastroenterologist may use a device called an endoscope to examine your digestive tract. The endoscope is a flexible tube equipped with a light and camera, allowing the doctor to view your digestive tract on a monitor. An endoscopy is a non-surgical procedure helpful in identifying and treating stomach pain, ulcers, gastritis, constipation, diarrhea, growths in the colon and digestive bleeding. The gastroenterologist may use the scope to take a sample of tissue, known as a biopsy, to further diagnose any disease.

As an endoscopy isn’t a surgery, it doesn’t require significant recovery time. However, you’ll want to schedule the procedure for a time when you can adequately prepare for it. At minimum, you’ll need to fast for about 6 to 8 hours before the endoscopy, but if the doctor plans to examine your colon, you will need to take laxatives the day before the appointment in order to eliminate stool from your colon. Endoscopy patients are sedated during the examination, so you shouldn’t drive until the day after the procedure.

Call Glenn D Madokoro, MD if you are suffering from digestive issues

If you’re experiencing disruptive digestive issues, call your Newport Beach, CA, doctor about scheduling an endoscopy as soon as possible. Glenn D Madokoro, MD, not only performs endoscopy procedures, but offers a full array ofgastroenterology services to help you maintain a healthy digestive system. To learn more about Dr. Madokoro’s offerings or schedule an appointment, call (949) 548-8800 today. Your body will thank you!

By Glenn D. Madokoro, MD
September 23, 2014
Tags: Colonoscopy  
While a colonoscopy probably isn’t at the top of your list of things to do, it is one of the most important routine medical procedures you can have performed. According to the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE), colorectal cancer is the third-most common cause of cancer deaths in the U.S.—and with a regular colonoscopy, it is almost completely preventable.
 
Using a thin flexible tubular instrument called a colonoscope, the procedure allows your gastroenterologist to look at the inside of the entire colon and rectum to detect precancerous growths or polyps. Polyps are abnormal growths in the colon lining. They are usually noncancerous and range in size. If polyps are detected during a colonoscopy, Dr. Madokoro will remove them for analysis. Cancer begins in polyps and removing them is a critical step to preventing colorectal cancer.
 
Most colonoscopies are administered on an outpatient basis, and the entire procedure usually only takes between 30 minutes and one hour. Following the colonoscopy, Dr. Madokoro can explain the results of the colonoscopy as soon as it has been completed.
 
 

Why might I need a Colonoscopy?

 
Most medical experts recommend a colonoscopy procedure starting at the age of 50 and usually once every 10 years thereafter. Some people may have a greater risk of developing colon abnormalities and require a screening earlier or more frequently, including people with a family history of colon cancer or someone with colon polyps or inflammatory bowel disease.

 
In addition to identifying abnormal polyps or precancerous growths, a colonoscopy can also help:
 
Determine the cause of abdominal pain, rectal bleeding or change in bowel habits
Diagnose or rule out many digestive disorders, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease
Remove polyps before they become cancerous
Remove abnormal tissue samples for further testing
Stop intestinal bleeding
Monitor response to treatments if you have inflammatory bowel disease

 

Benefits of Newport Beach Colonoscopy

 
Colon cancer is called a silent killer because symptoms don’t usually present themselves until the cancer is too advanced for treatment. Early detection is the key to successful removal and treatment of colon cancer. The good news is that a colonoscopy in Newport Beach—a quick, 30 minute screening—is the only procedure that both detects and removes precancerous polyps during the same procedure.
 
 
If you have questions about colonoscopy, colon cancer or other abnormalities affecting the large intestine, contact Dr. Madokoro today or schedule a consultation online.
colonoscopyModern science has made it easier to view the body’s internal structures to search for early signs of disease, bleeding and more before conditions can become more severe. This is the case for Dr. Glenn Madokoro, who uses specialized, lighted tubes with cameras on the end known as endoscopes to view inside the body.
 
 
Dr. Madokoro performs a number of gastroenterology services, including colonoscopy and upper endoscopy. While he performs other endoscopic procedures, the upper endoscopy and the colonoscopy are two similar procedures that are indicated for different reasons. Knowing why Dr. Madokoro would recommend one procedure over another can help you better understand the procedure and what Dr. Madokoro may be looking for.
 
 
A colonoscopy is a procedure that involves inserting a colonscope that is specifically designed to view the rectum and colon. The colonscope is inserted via the anus and advanced up to the large intestine, extending up as high as the end of the small intestine.
 
 
By contrast, an upper endoscopy is inserted in the reverse direction. This procedure uses an endoscope inserted through the mouth and is advanced through the esophagus to the stomach, the duodenum and the small intestine. This allows Dr. Madokoro to visualize these tissues to determine if abnormalities are present.
 
 
Dr. Madokoro can recommend an upper endoscopy versus a colonoscopy for various reasons. In some instances, both may be performed in the same procedural time. Some reasons he may perform an upper endoscopy include if you have been vomiting bright red blood, experiencing stomach pain, having difficulty swallowing or if he suspects you may have an ulcer somewhere in your stomach or small intestinal lining.
 
 
A colonoscopy is typically performed to test for abnormalities in the colon, such as polyps that could indicate colon cancer. Other reasons Dr. Madokoro may recommend a colonoscopy is if you are experiencing symptoms such as dark blood in your stool, to test for the possible presence of inflammatory bowel disease or to determine the cause of anemia.
 
 
Whatever the procedure need or reason for the procedure, Dr. Madokoro and his staff will make every effort to ensure you thoroughly understand the procedure or procedures.
 
 
For more information on colonoscopy, endoscopy and additional procedures offered at our Newport Beach gastroenterologist’s office, please call the office of Dr. Glenn Madokoro at (949) 548-8800.
By Glenn D. Madokoro, MD
March 28, 2014
Category: Gastroenterologist
Tags: Polyps  
Polyps are abnormal growths of tissue that can be found in any organ that has blood vessels, such as the colon. To help you understand colon polyps in Newport Beach, Dr. Glenn Madokoro offers some helpful information so you can remain “in the know” about important gastrological topics.
 
 

What are Colon Polyps?

 
A colon polyp is a growth on the surface of the colon.  A person can sometimes have more than one polyp, which can be raised or flat. Some colon polyps are benign, which means they are not cancerous, but some may already be cancerous or will become cancerous.  Typically, flat polyps are smaller and harder to see, while they are more likely to be cancerous than raised polyps. With the use of a colonoscopy in Newport Beach, polyps can usually be removed.
 
 

So Who Gets Polyps?

 
Anyone can get colon polyps, but certain people might be more likely to get them than others. You may have a greater change of getting polyps if:
 
  • You are 50 or older
     
  • You have had polyps before
     
  • Someone in your family has had polyps
     
  • Someone in your family has had colon cancer
     
  • You’ve had uterine or ovarian cancer before age 50
 
It is also more likely for you to get colon polyps if you:
 
  • Eat a lot of fatty foods
     
  • Smoke
     
  • Drink alcohol
     
  • Don’t exercise
     
  • Weigh too much
 
By visiting Dr. Glenn Madokoro in Newport Beach, your polyps can be examined and removed.  Dr. Madokoro will work with you to create an appropriate treatment plan for treating your polyps in Newport Beach.
By Glenn D. Madokoro, MD
March 26, 2014
Category: Gastroenterologist
Tags: Endoscopy  
Endoscopy Newport BeachIf you are experiencing abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting or difficulty swallowing, our gastroenterologist offers an endoscopy in Newport Beach.  With this procedure, Dr. Glenn Madokoro will be able to find the cause of your symptoms.  An endoscopy is a nonsurgical procedure that is used to examine your digestive tract.  Using an endoscope, a flexible tube with a light and camera attached to it, Dr. Madokoro can view pictures of your digestive tract on a color TV monitor.
 

You might need an endoscopy from Newport Beach gastroenterologist, Dr. Madokoro, to evaluate the following:

  • Stomach pain
     
  • Ulcers, gastritis, or difficulty swallowing
     
  • Digestive tract bleeding
     
  • Changes in bowel habits
     
  • Polyps or growths in the colon
 

Dr. Madokoro Explains an Endoscopy to Newport Beach Patients

 
There are many different types of endoscopy procedures, and the experience of having one can vary a lot from one type to the next. It is important to keep in mind that there might be more than one way to do some procedures.  Your experience will vary depending on your health and what needs to be done, such as whether a biopsy is needed. 
 
If you are going to have an endoscopy in Newport Beach, Dr. Glenn Madokoro will explain to you what will be done and what to expect before, during and after the test.  He will also tell you what you need to do to prepare for your endoscopy, which could mean fasting for a certain amount of time, following a liquid diet for a certain amount of time, and/or use laxatives or enemas.
 
If you are a resident of Newport Beach requiring an endoscopy, Dr. Glenn Madokoro will work with you to determine the best procedure and will inform you about the necessary steps needed to complete this test. Contact Dr. Madokoro if you are experiencing pain.  Remember, there is no reason why you should have to put up with pain.  Dr. Madokoro is available to help you take the next step toward a pain-free lifestyle.
By Glenn D. Madokoro, MD
September 27, 2013
Category: None
Tags: Untagged

Welcome to the Blog of Glenn D. Madokoro, MD

Hospital Rd Newport Beach, CA would like to welcome you to our blog. Here you will find informative and useful postings about gastroenterology and our practice.

At Hospital Rd Newport Beach, CA we believe that educated patients are better prepared to make decisions regarding the health of their digestive system.  Our blog was designed to provide you with the latest gastroenterology developments and valuable health advice from our dedicated team. 

We hope you find our blog to be a great resource for keeping up to date with proper digestive health care and treatments.

We welcome all comments and questions.

-- Glenn Madokoro, MD





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